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Nobel Peace Prize Winners

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Nobel Peace Prize Winners

Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi speaks during a Nobel lecture at Oslo City Hall on June 16, 2012, in Oslo, Norway.

(Photo by Ragnar Singsaas/Getty Images)
Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, was an arms manufacturer in Sweden in the mid-1800s. Concerned with how he would be remembered, he established with his fortune a series of annual prizes for scientific and literary achievement, and for "the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."

In 1901, Henry Dunant, founder of the Red Cross, shared the first Nobel Peace Prize with Frédéric Passy, a French economist and pacifist.

The Norwegian parliament picks a five-member Nobel Committee, which fields nominations from intellectual and political circles as well as past winners and selects that year's winners. The Nobel laureate receives a diploma, a medal and a cash award. Announcements are made in October and the prizes are awarded each Dec. 10 at Oslo City Hall.

Here are winners of the Nobel Peace Prize:

1901: Jean Henry Dunant, Frédéric Passy

1902: Élie Ducommun, Charles Albert Gobat

1903: William Randal Cremer

1904: Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law)

1905: Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau

1906: U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt

1907: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Louis Renault

1908: Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Fredrik Bajer

1909: Auguste Marie François Beernaert, Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque

1910: Bureau international permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau)

1911: Tobias Michael Carel Asser, Alfred Hermann Fried

1912: Elihu Root

1913: Henri La Fontaine

1914: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1915: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1916: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1917: Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

1918: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1919: Thomas Woodrow Wilson

1920: Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois

1921: Karl Hjalmar Branting, Christian Lous Lange

1922: Fridtjof Nansen

1923: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1924: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1925: Sir Austen Chamberlain, Charles Gates Dawes

1926: Aristide Briand, Gustav Stresemann

1927: Ferdinand Buisson, Ludwig Quidde

1928: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1929: Frank Billings Kellogg

1930: Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom

1931: Jane Addams, Nicholas Murray Butler

1932: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1933: Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)

1934: Arthur Henderson

1935: Carl von Ossietzky

1936: Carlos Saavedra Lamas

1937: Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil)

1938: Office international Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)

1939: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1940: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1941: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1942: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1943: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1944: Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

1945: Cordell Hull

1946: Emily Greene Balch, John Raleigh Mott

1947: Friends Service Council (The Quakers) , American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers)

1948: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1949: Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin

1950: Ralph Bunche

1951: Léon Jouhaux

1952: Albert Schweitzer

1953: George Catlett Marshall

1954: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

1955: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1956: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1957: Lester Bowles Pearson

1958: Georges Pire

1959: Philip J. Noel-Baker

1960: Albert John Lutuli

1961: Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld

1962: Linus Carl Pauling

1963: Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) , Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies)

1964: Martin Luther King Jr.

1965: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

1966: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1967: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1968: René Cassin

1969: International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)

1970: Norman E. Borlaug

1971: Willy Brandt

1972: No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money for 1972 was allocated to the Main Fund.

1973: Henry A. Kissinger, Le Duc Tho

1974: Seán MacBride, Eisaku Sato

1975: Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov

1976: Betty Williams, Mairead Corrigan

1977: Amnesty International

1978: Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin

1979: Mother Teresa

1980: Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

1981: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

1982: Alva Myrdal, Alfonso García Robles

1983: Lech Walesa

1984: Desmond Mpilo Tutu

1985: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

1986: Elie Wiesel

1987: Oscar Arias Sánchez

1988: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces

1989: The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso)

1990: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

1991: Aung San Suu Kyi

1992: Rigoberta Menchú Tum

1993: Nelson Mandela, Frederik Willem de Klerk

1994: Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres, Yitzhak Rabin

1995: Joseph Rotblat, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

1996: Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, José Ramos-Horta

1997: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) , Jody Williams

1998: John Hume, David Trimble

1999: Médecins Sans Frontières

2000: Kim Dae-jung

2001: United Nations (U.N.) , Kofi Annan

2002: Jimmy Carter

2003: Shirin Ebadi

2004: Wangari Muta Maathai

2005: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) , Mohamed ElBaradei

2006: Muhammad Yunus, Grameen Bank

2007: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) , Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr.

2008: Martti Ahtisaari

2009: Barack H. Obama

2010: Liu Xiaobo

2011: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee, Tawakkol Karman

2012: European Union (EU)

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